Red spots on the skin can be caused by many factors, including infections, rashes, allergies or irritation. Some can heal easily without treatment and some need special care to get well.
Therefore sometimes it becomes difficult for us to determine the cause of the red spots that appear on our bodies. So it’s a good idea so that the patient can make an accurate diagnosis from a dermatologist or a doctor who deals with this problem, including a nail doctor or hair specialist.
Here we explain some of the causes of red spots in detail, let’s see more!
Causes of Red Spots on Skin
1. Heat Rash
Heat rash is one of the causes of the appearance of red spots on the skin. This disease is in the form of lumps and occurs due to blockage of sweat glands under the skin, eventually appearing red spots or red bumps with itching or pain. This rash is also known as malaria.
Itching and red spots from this heat rash usually occur in the folds of the skin, or in places that sweat a lot such as the neck, groin, chest and others.
The Babies or People who live in hot climates sweat a lot and are prone to heat rash. (1)
This means that the way to prevent heat rash is to keep the areas that often become sweat areas drier, cooler and do not accumulate sweat. If using home remedies, you can try cold showers, oatmeal baths, cold compresses, not using heavy moisturizers and wearing loose-fitting clothes instead of tight-fitting clothes.
Heat rash usually heals on its own if it is mild, and if you have had a secondary infection, the rash is usually severe and requires proper treatment, you should contact a dermatologist, maybe oral or prescription drugs will be given to you.
2. Cherry Angomas
These red spots are also called cherry hemangiomas, they are small, non-cancerous skin-like growths. It is red or purple in color and has blood vessels in it. These lumps can grow horizontally or grow taller and are usually experienced by those aged 30 years and over.
Cherry Angiomas are usually on the body, but sometimes they can also grow on the arms, coconut skin and on the legs.
Red spots called cherry hemangiomas are mild skin problems and usually don’t need treatment. Freckles can be removed easily if they interfere with your appearance or if you are not relieved by the constant bleeding.
Treating angiomas there are many ways and you can try one of the medical treatments such as using a laser or water nitrogen. (2)
3. Contact Dermatitis
Contact Dermatitis is a skin condition where red spots occur as a result of your contact or contact with other objects that cause it, such as contact with allergens or as a result of irritation.
Usually what appears is an itchy rash, bumps, swelling of the skin, dry or scaly and cracked skin.
Contact dermatitis is generally caused by two factors:
- This type of dermatitis begins to strengthen and develops when the protective skin weakens and the skin becomes irritated. It can also develop when the body comes into contact with substances.
- Allergic contact dermatitis occurs and develops when the immune system reacts with chemicals or causes skin damage.
Sometimes we can clearly identify contact dermatitis, such as when we come into contact with poison ivy plants. While on other occasions we do not know so clearly the cause or contact with what.
We need to know, that our skin can react with certain substances or with certain products even if you have used it before without any problems and symptoms.
There are also in some cases, where contact dermatitis sometimes goes away on its own if you avoid the substances that cause it. It usually takes a week to go away. If you have to get treatment, this also varies depending on the cause, you can use an over-the-counter hydrocortisone cream or use oral antihistamines that are prescribed by a doctor.
4. Ringworm (tinea corporis)
Ringworm is also a form of red spots on the upper skin and this causes itching and a rash-like condition with red spots in the shape of a ring like a ring. The part that is infected with ringworm usually has cracked skin. The more you scratch, the more the disease will spread and spread.
Ringworm is a highly contagious skin disease and is usually transmitted through skin-to-skin contact, contamination with infected stars or with animals that carry the fungus that causes ringworm.
Usually the red spots due to ringworm are diagnosed by health professionals and they usually use an anti-fungal cream that is used topically. If not treated properly, ringworm is very easy to spread to various other areas of the body. (3)
For more information about deficiency you can refer to our page here (all about ringworm).
5. Drug Rash
Drug rash is a rash or red spots on the skin that occur due to a drug reaction on the skin when topically applied to the drug. This rash can appear as hives (red bumps) flat rashes, dark red purple rashes, scaly skin, or blisters on the skin. This can be a simple and mild rash but in some cases it can be a case that needs serious attention with serious treatment as well.
The way to diagnose a drug rash is to check all the medications the patient has taken up to now. Then all these drugs will be noticed and stopped for a few days, if the condition does not improve after stopping taking these drugs, then the health side will try to prescribe drugs such as corticosteroids or antihistamines to reduce uncomfortable symptoms.
6. Pityriasis Rosea
Pityriasis Rosea is another form of rash, it is called a benign rash and is usually experienced by young children or adolescents. Usually appears a red spot with a rather large size on the chest, or on the back and then followed by a smaller red spot in the form of a ring, and this can cause itching and scaly shape.
Health experts do not know for sure behind the cause of this red rash. But this is believed to be a form of bacteria or virus. This disease usually occurs after infection and is accompanied by itching, headache, fever and sore throat. (4)
Pityriasis Rosea is diagnosed by its appearance, it usually goes away on its own in 6 to 8 weeks. In some cases, health care providers sometimes recommend using corticosteroid medications, antiviral medications, and antihistamines to help relieve discomfort including itching.
7. Blood Spots
Another form of red spots that can occur is a blood spot, the color is red purple and it appears on the skin or in the mouth with a shape like blood spots. This is due to the rupture of small blood vessels, eventually blood accumulates under the skin.
This blood spot is not a worry, but it could be a bad sign or a more serious disease than a blood spot, such as a disease with blood clots.
To diagnose this disease, health services will check blood, test blood counts and platelets and this has the potential to prescribe drugs such as corticosteroids.
8. Atopic Dermatitis
Atopic Dermatitis is a common red spot that occurs due to a rash on the skin. This can cause itchy red rashes, scaly, inflammation, inflammation of the skin folds, neck, wrists and even behind the ears and knees.
The Atopic Dermatitis is a skin disease that usually occurs in children aged five years and under.