Palmmyra is a tree that produce the palmyra fruit, the health benefits of palmyra fruit are great and tremendous, even of all part of the tree. Scientifically called Borassus flabellifer. It is also known by various other names according to where he grew up. Among other names for the palmyra tree are palmyra palm, tala palm, wine palm, toddy palm, or ice apple. It is a fan palm tree in the Arecaceae/Palmae family (Palm family). The palmyra palm tree is native to South Asia including Nepal, India, Sri Lanka, Laos, Burma, Cambodia, Bangladesh, Indonesia, Vietnam, Thailand, Malaysia, the Philippines, and this tree has been naturalized in other countries such as Socotra, Pakistan, and some parts of China.
Apart from these names, there are many more names that are attached to this palm tree, but they are popular among the people. The genus name from the palm tree comes from the Greek word “borassos” which means immature spadix of date palm.
While in Latin it is called FLABELLATUS which means like an open fan. This tree has a sap called toddy palm. In the past, these palm leaves were used as paper in Indonesia. So it is called the lontar palm. The sap which is called toddy is used in making sweets because the sap is sweet. The sap is also fermented into intoxicating drinks that contain alcohol. The palmyra tree has extraordinary benefits, almost all parts of this plant are beneficial for human life. The fruit is almost the same as a coconut, has fibrous skin with soft flesh. The fruit is with blackish green skin about 4 inches to 7 inches in diameter. To be able to eat the pulp, then the fruit is cut so that there are 3 parts in it that contain soft flesh. That is the fruit of the palmyra palm which in Indonesia is known as lontar fruit, because in the past the local people used the leaves as writing paper.
Before we look at the health benefits of the palmyra fruit, first we have a clearer look at the Palmyra tree. It is an evergreen tree with a single trunk and grows tall, while the leaves are like open fans. Growth can reach 20 to 30 meters with a circumference of the base of the stem (close to the root of the fibers) is about 1.7-2 meters. The stem is black, has a cylindrical shape and is sturdy like a palm stem. The trunk can be used as a pillar because the outside of the trunk is very hard, there are also those who use it as a canoe.
To make the canoe, they only need to remove the center of the stem and scrape it and the outer part of the trunk which is cylindrical forms the wall of the boat. Because it is shaped like a large pipe, some regions use it as a pipe to supply water to agricultural land. The way to make a pipe is to remove the solid part of the stem so that it is hollow like a giant sturdy pipe. So, the benefits of the palmyra tree are enormous in supporting human life.
Palmyra rods can be used for various purposes according to their size and size. This tree has a very strong trunk that is even stronger than old wood from other tree species. The palmyra tree is very beneficial for the people of India and of course other people. We can sell palmyra sticks for 700 each. Of course, they will use the palmyra tree for various purposes either as a pipe for water flow, for making canoes, or for the purposes of making poles.
In one tree we can reach about 20 to 25 large leaves which are quite unique when viewed from under the tree. It looks like an open fan with a slightly grayish green color. The length of the leaves can reach 1 to 2 meters depending on the fertility of the tree. In one leaf stalk there are about 30-40 linear leaves that are tied to the midrib. While the petiole is a large wood with two hard spiny edges with a smooth and rough stalk on the back. Palmyra stalk can be called the midrib because it is big and hard like a date palm or palm fronds.
As we mentioned earlier, that the benefits of the Palmyra tree are almost all parts of it including the leaves. Among the benefits of palm leaves or palmyra tree leaves as raw material for making mats, fences, woven handicrafts, kucha houses, hats, baskets, and as materials for making raincoats. Even palmyra leaves have ecological, spiritual and economic benefits. Among the many benefits of palm leaves or palmyra is as paper for script writing. Many manuscripts of the past were written and preserved using ink on palm leaves. Meanwhile, rotting leaves are used as fertilizer on agricultural land. While the midrib or palm leaf stalk is used and utilized as firewood. While the tops of the trees are still fresh, crispy and soft, good for eating like coconut tree shoots. The taste is good and very wonderful.
The palmyra tree is the same as the other species in the Borassus species, B. flabellifer. They are trees with male and female flowers on separate trees as is the case with date palms. Male inflorescence is 90–150 cm long, and has a large number of primary or secondary branching. While the female inflorescence has a flower section about 30 cm long with 8-18 buds and arranged in a spiral. The female fruit has early, large, smaller petals, repeated stigma and is sessile. The flowering period usually lasts from February to April.
Palmyra fruit is a type of fruit that can be eaten in all its phases. The old, or the young, are all well-fed and have many health benefits. The fruit in one tree can reach 50 to 500 fruits. The shape of the fruit is almost round with green, black mixed with white. While fully ripe fruit will be slightly black. The diameter ranges from 4 to 8 inches. To eat the jelly-like flesh, we have to cut off the top of the fruit. Then you will see the flesh that is in three parts or five parts. It tastes good and is full of properties and has water too like coconut water. The local people who produce this fruit often use the water as a traditional medicine to nourish the skin.
Palmyra fruit also has seeds, in one fruit it has three seeds which are protected by endokarpa wood. Seed growth is very slow, but at certain times this tree will grow fast to towering. This tree is a tree that lives for decades. That is one of the characteristics of slow-growing plants.
The palmyra tree is said to have originated in Africa, according to the belief of most botanists. After being found in Africa, it was then brought to India and various countries along the Indian Ocean, including Indonesia. Most of these trees are widely planted in South and Southeast Asia. However, the palmyra tree is also found in the Hawaii and Florida area. This shows that this tree has expanded rapidly throughout the world.
Health Benefits of Palmyra Fruit
Palmyra fruit is a fruit that is healthy to eat with lots of vitamins and minerals in it. It is a fruit that is beneficial for diabetics. This fruit is rich in B vitamins, vitamin C, zinc, calcium, potassium, iron, thiamine, phosphorus, and contains riboflavin. Based on the many nutrients in palmyra fruit, it has many health benefits, such as:
1. Helps digestive problems
Palmyra fruit is a solution to stomach problems. This fruit is rich in fiber and various nutrients essential for health. Palm can relieve constipation problems, helps bowel movements and thus prevents constipation. In addition, this fruit also has many other benefits such as nourishing pregnant women who often experience stomach problems such as mornign sickness and various other pregnancy problems.
2. Improve skin health
Palmyra fruit is a natural remedy for treating skin problems like prickly heat or sunburn rashes which are common in summer. When we apply the flesh of the palmyra fruit on the area of the skin affected by the rash, it will provide relief and comfort.
The stinging rash caused by the heat of the sun can also be soothed with the pulp of the palm fruit because it contains anti-inflammatory properties. While the poultice from Palmyra fruit is proven to be able to treat dermatitis, it is even safe to use on babies.
3. The benefits of palmyra fruit to cool the body
During summer, palmyra fruit is ready to keep the body cool and cool. It prevents heat-related problems such as sweat, dry skin, dehydration, kidney problems and hair loss. Palmyra fruit water is useful to replace the body’s electrolytes, this is as well as the benefits found from consuming young coconut water. In addition, the benefits of lontar fruit are nourishing the body and providing stamina throughout the day.
4. Lose weight
The health benefits of palmyra fruit are also associated with a weight loss diet. Ice apple is rich in water, fiber and low in calories so it is great for losing weight. a lot of water content makes a person full quickly and can reduce your portion of food. Consuming palmyra fruit can prevent you from snacking all the time, some of these factors prevent you from gaining weight. So, the health benefits of consuming palmyra fruit are maintaining weight stability and losing weight slowly.
5. Home remedy for various ailments
Palmyra fruit contains anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. Eating the pulp or rubbing it on the rash can treat. All diseases caused by inflammation can be handled, including if taken orally. This palm fruit can also treat nausea, morning sickness, and as a hookworm killer drug. Used as a liver tonic and as an expectorant. So, the health benefits of palmyra fruit are enormous and rich if consumed regularly.
6. Rich in vegetable nutrition
Palmyra fruit is rich in plant nutrients such as anti-inflammatory and antioxidants which are useful for neutralizing various toxins in the body and preventing skin aging and nourishing the organs in the body that are exposed to chemicals. It cleans the chemicals in the body so that it can prevent cell damage and prevent a person from cancer cells.
7. Overcoming migraine problems
Migraines, headaches that are very annoying and even very painful and make you unable to stand it. Ice apple fruit contains great nutritional value to solve this problem. To treat migraines, take a spoonful of jaggery palm and place it on the affected area, feel how cold it is.
8. Benefits of Palmyra Fruit for diabetes
Diabetics do not need to be afraid to consume this fruit as long as it is in normal amounts. Ice Apple fruit is a fruit with a low glycemic index so it doesn’t cause a spike in your blood sugar. However, sufferers must pay attention to the amount, not to consume excessive amounts.
9. As a prickly heat drug
To treat prickly heat with palmyra fruit, take a clean cotton cloth, if necessary, boil the cloth first to ensure cleanliness. Then take the pulp of the palmyra fruit and sprout or blend until smooth.
Don’t use water (because we don’t make palmyra juice). You can also grind it, do it until it is smooth and then, place the grind of the palmyra pulp on the cotton cloth that has been prepared. After that, use this poultice on areas of the body that experience prickly heat. Put it on for 20 minutes and then let go.
Traditional Uses and Benefits of Palmyra Fruit
Palmyra has many health benefits, for all parts of this tree there are countless benefits
- Young plants are useful for treating dysentery, gonorrhea, bladder and others
- The roots of the young plant are useful as diuretics and are able to relieve respiratory problems
- Treat heartburn and an enlarged spleen
- The boil of the bark with salt is useful as a mouthwash, while the charcoal from the trunk or palmyra wood is useful as a toothpaste (whitens teeth).
- Sap and flower stalks are useful as a tonic, stimulant, diuretic, as a laxative and as an anti-phlegmatic and amoebicide.
- Sugar from the sap is good for poisoning drugs
- Palmyra candied is a medicine for cough and lung discharge
- Fresh sap is used as a medicine for ulcers. Wrap the boil with fresh toddy from the Palmyra fruit
- Ripe fruit pulp is good for treating dermatitis
- Suctioned dry roots can treat problems with the nose
- The ash from the flowers is good for ulcer medicine and enlargement of the spleen.
- The boiled water is mixed with a little salt and is used as a medicine for gingivitis.
- Jaggery is made from Pamyra fruit juice and is useful as a tonic, strengthening the uterine muscles after childbirth
- Those are some of the traditional benefits and use of the stems, fruit, leaves and sap of the palmyra tree or the ice apple tree.
Tips for Buying Palm Fruit
Because the health benefits of Palmyra are very good for health. So most people buy it for that purpose. Besides being delicious, it is also for getting health benefits.
If you want to buy palmyra fruit, choose one that is still green with skin or blackish green. This is a fruit whose flesh is still tender. The ripe palmyra fruit is characterized by its outer skin that is blackish purple. The seller can help you to get the best palmyra fruit for you. If necessary, you can ask the seller to open one fruit, so you can see how tender the flesh is inside.
Ripe fruit has tough flesh and is difficult to chew. So, make sure you choose fruit that is still easy, the flesh is soft and mushy.
How to Store palm fruit
If you want to take the health benefits of palmyra fruit for longer. You need to know how to store the fruit. If it is opened, the palmyra fruit flesh will change quickly, the taste will change and will not be as delicious as when it is fresh. So, if you want to save it, you must know how to save the correct palmyra fruit.
If you don’t use it directly, you can ask the seller to just peel the outer skin, and store the fruit in the cupboard. If you can peel yourself, you can buy unpeeled fruit and peel it yourself when you need it. But don’t keep it too long, at least whole fruit can be stored for a week.