Annona Montana, is a mountain soursop or wild custard apple, is a trpois plant belonging to the Annonaceae family. Among other species included in this family are soursop (A. muricata) and paw paw (Asimina triloba). Mountain soursop is a fruit originating from South America, and Central America and the West Indies – Bolivia, Peru, Dominican Republic, Suriname, Brazil, Colombia, Cuba, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Guadeloupe, Jamaica, Paraguay, Puerto Rico, Panama, Venezuela, the Amazon, and islands in the Caribbean.
This plant in the area of origin grows above 650 meters above sea level. There are quite a few names, but only a few are popular, among the popular names are mountain soursop, wild soursop, mountain sop, fairchild’s Annona and wild custard apple.
Mountain Soursop Facts and Health Benefits
Annona is a genus of this plant, it comes from Latin. This means, Annona is food, foodstuff, which means it refers to the use of fruits. While the species name is “montanus” which is from Latin. The meaning of montanus is everything that is related to mountains, or mountains, even though mountain soursop is a plant that generally grows in places or lowlands, at an altitude of 0-600 meters above sea level.
Mountain soursop is a fruit that is rich in health benefits. One of the great things about this fruit is that it is used in traditional medicine in the Caribbean and South America. One of the health benefits of mountain soursop is as a traditional medicine to treat intestinal parasites, coughs, diabetes, inflammation, high blood pressure, and asthma. Research on the mountain soursop plant states that this plant contains anti-perasit, anti-inflammatory, anti-rheumatic, anti-viral, and anti-hyperglycemic.
Not only that, the health benefits of mountain soursop are also said to be useful in treating depression, and even found its benefits as an anti-cancer.
Before we look at the benefits of mountain soursop for health, let’s get to know this plant further through the following description.
Mountain soursop or what is called Annona Montana is a green plant in the form of a shrub, or classified as a small plant with normal growth of about 3 to 14 meters. This plant is similar to soursop plants in general, but Annona Montana has glossy leaves and a more diffuse crown. Mountain soursop trees are drought tolerant but cannot withstand prolonged standing water. It can grow in various types of soil, but the soil is moist, sandy. Plants cannot stand frostbite.
The characteristics of the leaves are speckled, alternating, elliptical, oval, about 7-18 cm long, and 2.5 to 8 cm wide. The top of the leaves is pointed, with a round base. It is dark green on top and pale green underneath.
The shape of the mountain soursop fruit is almost round, with a length of 15 cm, and a width of 7-13 cm. Dark green trunk covered with short spines and dark brown hair. These fruits are initially green, but as they age, they turn yellow to a mushy texture. The flesh is yellow, has a distinctive aroma, tastes sour to bitter, with many light brown seeds, with a seed length of about 18 mm. Although this tree is sometimes cultivated, it is not very popular with the market. Unlike the case with soursop.
Mountain soursop fruit is eaten, it tastes a bit bitter, tasteless even though some of them are of better quality. The tart taste of the pulp is more similar to guanabana. It bears fruit after two years of planting or three years when using the seeds.
Traditional Uses and Benefits of Mountain Soursop
- The leaves can be boiled as a traditional medicine to calm nerves and induce drowsiness.
- Mountain soursop leaves are also useful as a medicine for headaches and fever.
- Mountain soursop fruit, leaves, skin, leaves and roots are useful as a remedy for intestinal parasites, coughs, including treating asthma and bronchitis. Other treatable problems are diabetes, inflammation, and high blood pressure.
- Research on this plant says that it has anti-viral, anti-parasitic, anti-inflammatory, anti-rheumatic and anti-hyperglycemic properties.
- Mountain soursop plant is also used as an anti-depressant, the infusion of the leaves contains many qualities to relieve pain in pregnant women.
- One of the health benefits of mountain soursop is that it can kill cancer cells, thanks to the many anti-cancer compounds in the skin and leaves.
- The leaves of the mountain soursop plant are also great for treating fevers and headaches.
- Benefits of mountain soursop for culinary
- The fruit turns yellow when ripe, the flesh is soft, the ripe fruit can be eaten fresh and can be juiced.
- The quality of eating mountain soursop fruit is less delicious than that of soursop.
- This fruit is delicious for consumption as a dessert, or mixed with ice cream or milk for a fresh and delicious drink
- If the fruit is still raw when harvested, it can be cooked as an ingredient in soup dishes.
– The mountain soursop tree bears fruit when it is 2 to years old from planting from its seed
– Sapwood is light brown, soft fibrous, the wood can only be used as fuel.
– Mountain soursop is less desirable as a horticultural plant
– In Florida, parrots eat the fruits of this plant and they scatter the seeds, that’s how much of this plant grows wild.